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Security Challenges of Smart Home Application Development

Digital technologies have long taught us to store everything electronically: photos, documents, chats, etc. With the advent of smart devices, hackers can hack data from devices in the cloud and on a physical device. The consequences of this can be more significant than a stolen credit card or identity.

No one wants strangers to gain access to their smart cameras or doors. The issue of data security and confidentiality remains fundamental in technology. The Security Analysis of Emerging Smart Home Applications study breaks down vulnerabilities into two categories: excessive privilege and unprotected devices and data.

Sources of danger in IoT ecosystem

Excessive privilege is a security breach when a mobile application gains access/rights to operations that it does not need for working. For example, when malware gains unrestricted access to SMS APIs or logs, it can leak personal information, including PIN codes or passwords. One of the main methods to prevent such scenarios is data encoding, aggregation, and anonymization.

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How to know that Smart Home App is Secured

1. Security integrated into the architecture.

Security Is the first step of the development process. App's architecture should be fragmented with security gateways between its elements. That way, a security breach of one device will not lead to hacker attacks on the whole ecosystem.

2. All Data is encrypted

Protection and encryption of all data, logins, and passwords are the first line of defense for smart home apps. It's solely the developer's responsibility. Data that transfers between devices inside the home ecosystem must be protected not only by the app itself.

3. Conduction of Penetration Testing

Penetration testing is the best way to find security holes in the system. An attack is carried out on the network, applications, devices, and users to check whether hackers can hack the system. Based on the test results, it becomes clear how deep an attacker could penetrate home automation software and how much data he could steal or use.

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4. Updating and Patching App Regularly

Installing patches after regular penetrating tests and software updates closes the very invisible but existing holes through which viruses can enter our devices. In addition, updates (updates) ensure the compatibility of programs with each other, with different protocols, new versions of the OS, optimized performance, etc. It's also essential to update all third-party libraries and services.

5. User Education

Encourage your users to change passwords and regularly update apps and all the devices of the ecosystem.

With the combined efforts of developers and users themselves, we can reduce the risk of data compromise. Developers must first and foremost be on guard for user data - from the design phase and system design of the product, to apply the latest data protection developments to rigorous testing for potential security problems. If you are in the process of creating a smart home application and need any help, contact altRecipe.